Saturday, July 21, 2012

Atom For Peace

Atom For Peace

Atom is a greek work which means a thing that cannot be cut or broken. It is the smallest particle of matter. It is no longer undivided and unbroken. Scientists have found further smaller particles which are called electrons,protons and neutrons. Atoms can release great power and energy. It was Albert Einsten who began to work on the theory of producing energy from atom in 1905. He explained many things. First, he showed that matter and energy are different things. In other words, matter can be converted into energy and vice versa. Second, a small amount of matter produces a great amount of energy. The discovery of atomic energy is one of the wonders of the modern science.
Atomic energy cuts both ways
It can be utilized for destructive as well as peaceful purposes. Man prepared atomic bombs, hydrogen and cobalt bombs which could destroy cities and towns in the twinkling of an eye.

It was in 1945, that a single atom bomb destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It killed thousands of men and woman and destroyed vast areas of land. Now all the big powers have many more atomic and dangerous hydrogen bombs. They can raze the world to ground if they are carelessly used.

Atomic energy can also be used for the welfare of mankind.
Scientists in the U.S.A, England, France, Canada and Germany are working on peaceful use of energy. An international conference on the peaceful uses of atomic energy was held at Geneva to think over the use of nuclear energy. The U.S.A have already started to use this energy to equip submarines and space rockets. The Russians have also harnessed it for space travel. At present, electricty is pruduced from atomic energy in advanced countries like the U.S.A., Russia and Britain. Scientists are also trying to find ways of using atomic power as fule in ships, aeroplanes, motor cars etc. At present atomic reactors for boiling water exist in different countrices.
 Nuclear energy has also brought a revolution in the field of industry. Petrol and coal are well known sources of energy and power. The supply of these two sources of power is energy. Electronic machines and computers are being used in our industry. They are used in the plastic, glass paper, textile, rubber and cement industry.                                                                                                                                         Atomic energy is also of great help in agriculture. The barren land can be tilled into smiling fields with the help of computerized tractors and machines. Crops can be ripened within a very short time. The yield of crops per acre can also be multiplied in this way, scientists are trying to solve the food problem. We can say that atomic energy can be used with full advantage for the welfare of makind.
Whats  your thoughts, what do you think. Leave your comment below....

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